KvF I (Hartley Elegy), 1989-1994

Oil on Canvas
77 x 51 in.
(195.6 x 129.5 cm.)

Robert Indiana’s Hartley Elegies (1989-1994) is a series of 18 paintings, grouped into three formats, rectangular, diamond and tondo. A poignant meditation on identity and loss, they are the most recent of his homages to American artists and poets, and were inspired by Marsden Hartley’s War Motif series, which Hartley executed as a tribute to the young German soldier Karl von Freyburg, who died during World War I and with whom Hartley had a deep friendship. Indiana employs Hartley’s stylized visual language throughout the Elegies, while reinvesting them with additional content and meaning. He weaves references to Hartley and von Freyburg with allusions to himself, to places and historical events with overlapping symbolic meanings, forming a web linking his life to Hartley’s.

KvF I, the first of Indiana’s Elegies, is based on Hartley’s Portrait of a German Officer (1914), which Indiana had seen at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Indiana’s painting is a close interpretation of the work, faithfully incorporating the motifs of German World I pageantry and references to von Freyburg found in Hartley’s painting. These include the Iron Cross, which von Freyburg was awarded just before his death, the numeral 4, the number of von Freyburg’s regimen, the numeral 24, the age of von Freyburg at his death, and von Freyburg’s initials, KvF. Indiana also employs the red, green, black, white, blue and yellow color scheme of Portrait of a German Officer, however he transforms Hartley’s thick brushwork and muted tones into his signature hard-edged lines and bright saturated color. He also adds a significant motif, a large central ring containing text, which is found in many of the subsequent Elegies. In KvF I Karl von Freyburg’s name is spelled out in white letters in the top half, and the date October 7 appears between the years 1914 and 1989 in the bottom half. October 7, 1914 was the date of von Freyburg’s death and October 7, 1989 the date, exactly seventy-five years later, that Indiana began working on the Elegies. By including the latter date Indiana inserts himself into the series and links himself to Hartley and von Freyburg, asserting his kinship with the men.

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UNTITLED

1945
UNTITLED

UNTITLED

1945
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UNTITLED

1945
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1945
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TECH

1945
500

500

1945
BEAN BUD

BEAN BUD

1945
MENE MENE TEKEL

MENE MENE TEKEL

1955-56/1989
GINKGO

GINKGO

1957/1959
HUB

HUB

1957/2005
SOURCE I

SOURCE I

1959
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THE SLIPS

1959-1960
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1960
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1960
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1960
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1960
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1960
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1960
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1960
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1960
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WALL OF CHINA

1960 - 1961
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1960-1961
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MARINE WORKS

1960-1962
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1960-1962
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TWO

1960-1962
JEANNE D'ARC

JEANNE D'ARC

1960-1962
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BAR

1960-1962
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1960-1962
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1960-1962
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1960-1962
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MELVILLE

1961
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1961
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HARDROCK

1961
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1961
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1961
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1961/1984
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962
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1962/1984
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1963
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1963-1964
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1963-1964
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1963-1964
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FLAGELLANT

1963/1969
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1964
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LOVE

1964
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1965
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1965
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1965
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1965
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1965
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1965
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MODEL T

1966
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1966
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1966
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1966-1999
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LOVE WALL

1966/2006
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LOVE

1967
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APOGEE

1970
ART

ART

1972-2001
AHAVA

AHAVA

1977
MONARCHY

MONARCHY

1981
FIVE

FIVE

1984
MARS

MARS

1990
ICARUS

ICARUS

1992
EVE

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1997
AMOR

AMOR

1998-2006
COMET

COMET

2000