“Indiana’s ‘Confederacy’ paintings—Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana are finished and included in his current one-man show [Stable Gallery, New York; May 3-28]—are not echoes of those places, but they are moral cries of an American against the dangers of unrecognized narrowness and willful refusal to change. The words (‘Just as in the anatomy of man, every nation must have its hind part’) are not demagogical, but in the spirit of America’s fathers; Indiana finds an analogy between the state and the individual (the words are Indiana’s own, not a quotation), and he recognizes the vulnerability and weakness of the individual human being. The stars, from the design of the Confederate flag, are like a stain; the central star in these three paintings falls on, respectively, Selma, Philadelphia and Bogalusa.”
Gene R. Swenson. “The Horizons of Robert Indiana.” Artnews 65 (May 1966), p. 49.